Story of Jalal Uddin Mohammad Akbar, the most brave and peace-loving king of the Mughal Empire



Full information about Mughal Emperor Akbar

Akbar was one of the most influential and powerful kings of all the kings in the Mughal rule. He was a very brave and peace-loving king. His most important thing is that he had run the state since childhood. He was the third Mughal emperor who ascended the throne of the Mughal dynasty at the young age of just 13 and not only greatly expanded his Mughal empire, but also formulated several policies to emphasize Hindu-Muslim unity. . Established a peaceful atmosphere and reorganized the taxation system during his reign. He was also known as Akbar-e-Azam emperor Akbar.
Even after being illiterate Akbar himself gave education the most importance. But he was an intelligent and knowledgeable ruler who had a rich knowledge of almost all subjects. Therefore, during his reign, there was a lot of development of art, literature and craftsmanship. He paid more attention to education in his state for everyone, especially women.

He was also called Akbar the Great because of the noble deeds done by him. He was a great warrior who respected all religions, Akbar founded the new sect Din-i-Ilahi by gathering elements of many different religions.
His identity was completely different among all the Mughal rulers, so let's know about the biography of Emperor Akbar, the ruler of the Mughal dynasty.


Story of Jalal Uddin Mohammad Akbar, the most brave and peace-loving king of the Mughal Empire



Story of Jalal Uddin Mohammad Akbar, the most brave and peace-loving king of the Mughal Empire
Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar

Short Information about Mughal Emperor Akbar


Full Name - Abul-Fatah Jalal Uddin Muhammad Akbar

Date of Birth - 15 October, 1542

Birthplace - Amarkot

Father - Humanyu

Mother - Nawab Hamida Banu Begum Sahiba

Education - Despite being under-educated, he was very proficient in military education. 

Son - Jahangir

Wives of Akbar - 

(1). Rukaiya Begum Sahiba 
(2). Salima Sultan Begum Sahiba
(3). Mariam Uz-Zamani Begum Sahiba,
(4). Jodha Bai Rajput.


Mughal Emperor Akbar's Early Life


Jalal Uddin Muhammad Akbar who was commonly known as Akbar and later Akbar the great. He was the third emperor of India. He was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1556 until his death. Akbar was the son of the Mughal ruler Humayu, who had already expanded the Mughal Empire into India.
Humayu was married to Hamida Banu Begum after he was defeated in battle in 1539–40, Sher Shah Suri at Chausa and Kannauj. Jalal Uddin Muhammad was born on 15 October 1542 in Umarkot, Sindh, now in Pakistan.
After a long time, Akbar established Kabul with his entire family. Where his uncles Kamran Mirza and Askari Mirza lived. He spent his childhood learning martial arts which made him a powerful, fearless and brave warrior.
In November 1551, Akbar married Rukaiya of Kabul. Maharani Rukaiya was the daughter of his uncle Hindal Mirza. Who was his first and main wife.

After the death of Hindal Mirza, Humayu replaced him and Humayu resettled Delhi in 1555 and built a huge army there. And Humayu died just a few months after this.
After Humayun's passing, Akbar ruled the kingdom under Bairam Khan, because at that time Akbar was very small. He ruled all over India with the help of Bairam Khan. Being a very capable and brave emperor, he occupied the whole of India and almost to the northern side of the Godavari river.

Akbar captured the entire country only because of the powerful military, diplomatic, cultural economic domination of the Mughals. In order to make his Mughal empire a form, Akbar entered into a treaty with or married to all the provinces he had won, or married him.
People of different religions and cultures lived in Akbar's kingdom and they used to adopt some plan to keep peace in their province, due to which all the people of his kingdom were quite happy.

At the same time, Akbar loved literature and had also established a library which had more than 24,000 Sanskrit, Urdu, Persian, Greek, Latin, Arabic and Kashmiri languages, and there were many scholars, translators, There were also artists, calligraphers, writers, booksellers and readers.

Akbar himself also established a library for women at Fatehpur Sikri. And schools were also opened for Hindus and Muslims. All the poets, architects and craftsmen of the whole world used to gather in Akbar's court and discuss various topics.

Akbar's courts of Delhi, Agra and Fatehpur Sikri had become the main centers of art, literature and education. Persian Islamic culture merged with the Indian culture over time and a new Indo-Persian culture was born in it and its philosophy is seen in the paintings and architecture made during the Mughal period.

In order to maintain a religious unity in his kingdom, Akbar created a new religion 'Din a Ilahi' by combining Islam and Hindu religion, which also included some part of Parsi and Christians religion.

The religion that was founded by Akbar was a very simple, tolerant religion and only one God was worshiped in it, killing any animal was banned. Peace was given more importance in this religion. There was no religion, no rituals, no temples or priests.

Many people in Akbar's court also followed this religion and they also considered Akbar as a prophet. Birbal also followed this religion.
Akbar's reign has been given great importance in the history of India. During the reign of Akbar, the Mughal Empire grew threefold. He had built a very effective army and also brought many diplomatic and social reforms.
Akbar is counted among the liberal rulers of India. He has been the only Muslim ruler in the entire medieval history who understood the importance of Hindu Muslim unity and tried to build an Akhand Bharat.


Jodha Akbar's history


Among the famous rulers of India, Mughal emperor Akbar is the foremost, the only Mughal emperor who showed some leniency towards the Hindu majorities.

Akbar also married a Hindu Rajput princess. One of his queens was Jodha Bai Rajput. If seen in history, we see world famous love story of Jodha-Akbar.

He was the first Mughal king who had placed people of other religions in large positions except the Muslim religion and also abolished the communal tax imposed on them. Akbar also stopped collecting taxes from people who were not Muslim and he was the first emperor to do so, and he was also the first emperor to trust those who are not Muslim.

It was during the time of Akbar that different religions began to be put together. After Akbar, his son Salim i.e. Jahagir became king.


Akbar's death


On October 3, 1605, he became ill due to dysentery, but he never recovered. It is believed that Akbar died on 27 October 1605 and was buried at Sikandra, Agra.


The greatest achievements of Mughal emperor Akbar 



Full information about Mughal Emperor Akbar
Akbar Fort Allahabad

The great emperor of the Mughal dynasty, Akbar, had greatly expanded the Mughal empire during his reign, he spread his empire over most of the subcontinent of India, he occupied the empire of the great emperor Akbar to the Himalayas in the north, to Brahmanadi in the east, to the Hindukash in the north-west and to the Vindhyas in the south.

The credit for the establishment of Fatehpuri Sikri goes to Akbar. Akbar established the new capital of Agra West, Fatehpur Sikri to celebrate his victories over Chittorgarh and Ranthambore.

Despite being a Muslim ruler, Akbar did many things for the benefit of Hindus and completely abolished the tax paid for pilgrimage of Hindus and stressed Hindu-Muslim unity and established a peaceful atmosphere.


Interesting facts related to the life of Akbar the Great - Facts about Akbar


👉 Born on 15 October 1542 in Amarkot, Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar was appointed as the Subedar of Ghazni at the age of just 9 years.

👉 At the age of 13, Mughal ascended the throne. In 1555 AD, Humayun declared Akbar as his crown prince. In 1556 AD, Akbar's patron Bairam Khan got him crowned.

👉 The Mughal Emperor Akbar fought the biggest battle of his life in 1556. He fought this battle against Hemu, and bravely defeated Hemu and Sur Sena and defeated them.

👉 Akbar also built the Buland Darwaza along with Fatehpur Sikri.

👉 Akbar, who developed his identity as the most different Mughal emperor, is known as Akbar the Great, Akbar-e-Azam.

👉 Akbar founded the religion called Din-i-Ilahi in 1582 AD.

👉 In the year 1576 AD, there was a fierce battle of Haldighati between Maharana Pratap and Akbar, in this war Akbar conquered.

👉 Akbar's reign is considered the golden period of Hindi literature.

👉 Abul Fazl wrote the book Akbarnama.

👉 There were nine gems in Akbar's court, including Tansen, Todarmal, Birbal, Mulla do Pyaja, Rahim Khankhana, Ambul Fazal, Hakim Hukam, Mansih.

👉 Akbar was uneducated, but he had extraordinary knowledge in almost every subject, as well as he was known for his memory, what he once heard was printed in his mind.

👉 Despite being a Muslim ruler, the Mughal ruler Akbar did many things in the interest of the Hindus and waived the jaziya tax and the passenger tax paid by the Hindu pilgrims.

👉 Akbar, who ruled the Mughal throne from 1556 to 1605, died of diarrhea.

Jalal Uddin Muhammad Akbar was no less than a God for his subjects. His subjects loved him very much. And they too, always aware of the suffering happening to their subjects, tried to remove them as soon as possible. That is why in history, emperor Jalal Uddin Muhammad Akbar is considered a brave, intelligent and powerful emperor.

The most special thing was in Akbar's court. There were more than one artist, scholar, literary in his court. They were all proficient in their work. There were only 9 such people who were called "Navratna of Akbar" in Akbar's court.This includes Birbal, Abul Fazl, Todarmal, Tansen, Mansingh, Abdurrahim Khankhana, Mulla do Piyaza, Hakim Humam, Faizi who are famous in their work. 
When all of them used to gather in the court together, that view became quite like seeing. All of them were named Navratna of Akbar. That is why in history he is considered the most important Navratna of Akbar.Such Navratnas are not seen in the court of any king. He was only in the court of the great ruler Akbar.


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