History and interesting facts of Qutub Minar

History and interesting facts of Qutub Minar


Introduction 

Qutub Minar is the world's tallest brick tower, located in Mehrauli part of Delhi city in India. It is 72.5 meters (237.86 ft) in height and 14.3 meters in diameter, which rises to 2.75 meters (9.02 ft) at the summit. It has 379 stairs. It is also included in the World Heritage UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History and interesting facts of Qutub Minar
Qutub minar
Source : Pixabay


History and interesting facts of Qutub Minar


The history of Qutub Minar is 800 hundred years old. Qutubuddin Aibak started the construction of Qutub Minar in 1199 and his son-in-law and successor Shamshuddin Iltutmish completed it in 1368. The building was named after Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. The courtyard built around the tower has many fine specimens of Indian art, many of which date back to 1193 or earlier.


History of Qutub Minar


Qutbuddin Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi, Qutub Minar, was built in 1199, inspired by Jam's tower located in Afghanistan and wishing to get beyond it, but only found its base. His successor Iltutmish extended three floors in it and in 1368 Firoz Shah Tughlaq built the fifth and final floor.

The change in architecture and architectural style from Aibak to Tughlaq can be clearly seen here. The tower is made of red sandstone, on which finely carved verses of Quran and flower bells are carved. Qutub Minar is built on the remains of the ancient fortress Lalkot in the ancient city of Delhi, Dhillika. Dhillika was the capital of the last Hindu kings Tomar and Chauhan.

The construction purpose of this tower is said to be a symbol of offering, inspection and protection from the Qawwat-ul-Islam mosque or Islam's victory over Delhi. There are also controversies regarding its name. Some archaeologists believe that it was named after the first Turkish Sultan Qutbuddin Aibak, while some believe that it is named after the famous Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki of Baghdad, who came to live in India. Iltutmish respected him very much, so Qutub Minar was given this name. According to its inscription, lightning struck the highest floor of Qutub Minar in 1369 and the floor completely collapsed. That is why Feroz Shah Tughlaq again started the work of reconstruction of Qutub Minar and he used to build 2 new floors every year.

An earthquake in 1505 caused considerable damage to Qutub Minar and the damage was later repaired by Alexander Lodi. On 1 August 1903, another earthquake struck, and again the Qutub Minar was damaged, but then Major Robert Smith of the British Indian Army recovered it in 1928 and also erected a dome at the top of the Qutub Minar. But later, at the behest of the Governor General of Pakistan, Lord Hardinge, the dome was removed and it was placed east of Qutub Minar.

It is said that the architecture of Qutub Minar was built in India before the arrival of Turkey. But no documents are found in history regarding Qutub Minar. But according to the alleged facts it was built by being inspired by Rajput minarets. Even in the Parsi-Arabic and Nagari languages, we see parts of the history of Qutub Minar.

The Qutub Minar is surrounded by many historical heritage sites, which are historically linked to the Qutub Minar Complex. It includes the Iron Pillar of Delhi, Kuwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Alai Darwaza, The Tomb of Illumish, Alai Minar, Ala-ud-Din Madrasa and Imam Zamin Tomb. Includes other minor historical heritage.


Interesting facts about Qutub Minar  1 to 8


1). It is believed that the Qutub Minar was used as the tower of the nearby mosque and the Ajan was offered from here.

2). Quranic verses are written on this building made of red and light yellow stone.

3). Originally, Qutub Minar was of seven floors but now it has remained of five floors.

4). There are many more buildings in Qutub Minar complex. India's first Qawwat-ul-Islam-mosque, Alai Darwaza and Iltutmish's tomb are also built here.

5). There is also a fourth century iron pillar near the mosque which attracts a lot of tourists.

6). Five floors of this building, three floors are made of red stones and two floors are made of marble and red stone. Having a balcony in front of each floor appears well.

7). According to the Devanagari language inscription in the tower, this tower was damaged in 1326 and it was repaired by Muhammad bin Tughlaq.

8). There is also a secret under Iltumish's tomb, which was built in 1235 AD and is the real Iltumish tomb. This mystery was discovered in 1914.

 Interesting facts about Qutub Minar  9 to 17


9). The Alai Minar situated in the Qutub Minar complex is taller, bigger and bigger than the Qutub Minar. Ala-ud-din Khilji died in 1316 AD and since then the work of Alai Minar has been stopped.

10). The tomb of Imam Zamin in the Qutub Minar complex was built by another Mughal ruler Humayun in 1538 AD, and it is the newest heritage in the Qutub Minar complex.

11). Going to the top floor of the Qutub Minar is not an aloe. Can go to the sixth floor.

12). In the memory of the person who built the Qutub Minar Complex, a sun watch has also been installed there.

13). In 1368, Ferozeshah Tughlaq removed its upper storey and added two floors to it. Near it are the mausoleums of Adham Khan, son of Sultan Iltutmish, Alauddin Khilzi, Balban and Akbar's foster mother.

14). Qutub Minar is the world's largest brick tower at 120 meters high and is the second largest tower in India after Fateh Burj in Mohali.

15). There is an iron in the premises of Qutub Minar. The specialty of this iron pillar is that even though it is hundreds of years old, this column has not yet rusted.

16). In the year 1983, Qutubuminar was conferred the status of 'World Heritage Site' by UNESCO.

17). According to a survey, Qutub Minar is bending at an average rate of annual change of 3.5 seconds per year compared to its base center.



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